Learn More about Glaucoma
Unlike other common eye disorders that threaten eyesight while displaying noticeable changes in vision, glaucoma often produces no clear symptoms. In fact, many glaucoma sufferers do not even realize they have the condition until their vision has been irreversibly damaged. Historically referred to as the "silent thief of sight," glaucoma can easily be treated to prevent further loss of vision if it is detected early on. However, the only way to positively identify the disorder is during a thorough examination with an eye care provider.
At Sheth-Horsley Eye Center, Drs. Nilesh M. Sheth and Robert Kupsc specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of glaucoma for patients residing in Boston and surrounding areas. To learn more about the practice's range of services specially designed to improve and maintain vision, or to schedule an examination, fill out our online form today.
What Is Glaucoma?
Glaucoma is a term that encompasses a number of eye disorders that result in high intra-ocular pressure or ocular hypertension. Initially asymptomatic, elevated pressure inside the eye progressively damages the optic nerve and left untreated, can lead to varying degrees of vision loss and, eventually, blindness.
Common types of glaucoma include:
- Primary open-angle: the most prevalent type of glaucoma, this disorder presents no symptoms until irreversible damage has occurred and sufferers develop tunnel vision as peripheral vision deteriorates
- Angle-closure: also known as narrow-angle glaucoma, sufferers may experience headaches, eye pain, red eyes, nausea and vomiting, and dilated pupils
- Normal-tension:also known as normal-pressure, low-tension or low-pressure glaucoma, the cause of this type of asymptomatic glaucoma is unknown as damage to the eye occurs while the eye's intraocular pressure remains in the normal range
- Pigmentary: in this type of glaucoma, the eye's pigment breaks off of the iris and clogs the drainage angle, increasing pressure inside the eye; some pain and blurry vision may be observed after exercise
- Congenital: inherited and present at birth, this type of glaucoma is caused by defects affecting the eye's drainage system
- Secondary: may occur as a result of injury or trauma to the eye, including tumor, eye infection or inflammation
It is important to note that African-Americans and Hispanics are at increased risk for primary open-angle glaucoma, and should take special care to attend regularly scheduled eye exams.
Glaucoma Diagnosis and Treatment
The specialists at Sheth-Horsley Eye Center are highly experienced in diagnosing glaucoma. During an initial exam, a number of tests may be implemented to measure the pressure inside the eye, including the use of a tonometer. Once a patient has been diagnosed with glaucoma, additional methods may be used to monitor the condition and periodically check on intraocular pressure.
A range of treatment methods are available based on the severity of the condition and the patient's unique lifestyle. Early glaucoma treatment consists of prescription eye drops designed to lower pressure inside the eye. Additional medication, laser therapy, and surgery may be implemented as the condition has a degenerative effect on vision. It is important to note that a strict adherence to medication has resulted in a strong rate of success.
Contact Us Today
Combining the latest technologies in glaucoma treatment with a genuine commitment to setting the highest standards of patient care makes Sheth-Horsley Eye Center a natural choice if you are seeking quality care. Whether you are new to the Boston area, or are looking to establish a relationship with a trusted, professional specialist, contact our practice today to schedule an examination.